Yantra Yoga as an instrument of divine intuition is a sub-branch of Jyotish (Vedic Astrology) known as “Ankjyotisha” i.e. the influence of numerical coding embedded in your brain or propensities from the month, day and year of your birth. Another term for this area of traditional Jyotisha is “Anka Vignyan ” or “wisdom of numbers.
Vedic Mathematics defines “anka” as “Coefficient” i.e. a numerical constant characteristic of a particular system or in Algebra (literally the reuniting of ‘broken parts’ or Yug) the numerical part of an equation.
Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami Gitananda Giri taught the Divine Science of Yantra Yoga: a spiritual exploration through mathematics. Yantra represents a trans-cultural tool based upon a pan-cultural phenomenon – mathematics, the universally acknowledged “Queen of Sciences”.
To appreciate that numbers are a key to personal evolution, we can begin with the Western tradition: “numbers are the essence of all things”, a saying attributed to Pythagoras.
The Theosophical Society, with its world-headquarters in Madras, launched in the nineteenth century, a renaissance of Hindu religious cultural values. A statement promulgated by the Theosophical Society is “all is vibration”, which is a paraphrase of the Pythagorean statement. When we say “Number is the essence of all things” or “All is vibration” we are really stating what is now acknowledged as a scientific fact. The material world of Prakrit ultimately consists of number, whether we want to talk about the Element Number, the Atomic Number, the Atomic Weight, the Speed of Light, the Speed of Sound or any of the other “constants” upon which modern physics is built.
Emerging from the metrics of Indian civilization is the framework for our modern mathematics. Hindu contributions include not only the Hindu Arabic Numerals Notation system but also the decimal point, zero sign, Quadratic equations and the concept of Infinity and Eternity. To understand that there is a hidden, esoteric aspect to numbers we can start with the Greek and Latin roots of some common terms. Consider these facts.
- Mathematics – the Greek root means “to learn”, What is there to learn? I would phrase it in another Greek motto “Man Know Thy Self ” ! (This is written over the entrance to the Oracle of Delphi).
- Arithmetic – from the Latin “Art of Measuring”. Swamiji taught that Arithmetic came from the earlier Sanskrit root ARTHA, i.e. that aspect of life dealing with the acquisition and accounting of physical realities. What is really worth measuring? Yantra teaches us that it is worth while to measure the cycles of our personal lives!
- Geometry – “Earth measure”. The spiritual principle of Yantra indicates that the man of the earth (Adam) is the real subject of Geometry. Geometry, in an inner life sense, is about measuring oneself, for the human comes forth from the humus and “Man is truly an earth creature”.
- Algebra – An Arabic word signifying “the reuniting of broken parts”. It reveals the real Yoga inherent in finding “X”. Esoteric Algebra is about “KOHAM”, the Zen Koan, “Who Am I?”
Swamiji often said that Mother India gave birth to her son Yoga and Yoga progenerated three children (termed the three great mystic sciences of the East). — MANTRA — — YANTRA — — TANTRA —
Mantra from the Sanskrit prefix “MAN” (mind) and the suffix “TRA” (tool) is literally the science of using sound vibration, audible and inaudible, to bring about the physical, psychological and psychic changes. Our Guru often used to refer to Mantra as a “psychic elevator'” that changes levels of consciousness.
Yantra, from the Sanskrit prefix “YAN” means “to conceive”, a mental conception. So Yantra is also a “tool” or more accurately an “instrument” that allows us to visualise a complex geometrical form (RUPA) or trace out a two-dimensional psychic circuit, otherwise known as a “magical diagram”.
Tantra is the “tool” for dealing with Prakrit or the solid physical world as manifested by and experienced though the Annamayakosha (literally, “the food sheath or physical body”). The Sanskrit root “TAN” suggests extension and attenuation, giving us such English words as “tender”. Hence, I will define Tantra as TANgible, TRAnscendence utilising Prakrit as it manifests though the five senses. In other words TAN-TRA is the sublime state that ensues when the mind [Manes], the Ego (Ahamkara and the intellect (Buddhi), become quiescent through a (W)holistic, Sattwic, aesthetic experience of sensory fusion.
What Yantra Offers
Yantra yoga is an analysis of life and people in an esoteric form. A way of discovering the answer to the three most important and misinterpreted factors of life.
The origin of Hindu and Arabic Numbers
Who are we?
Why are we here?
Where are we going?
Yantra yoga is that branch of yoga which enables one to achieve inner union and harmony by a deliberate, informed manipulation of the symbols inherent in and associated with one’s personal chronology. Yantra yoga is a way of getting in tune with the everchanging cycles of life, a way of putting life in all its forms into a set or understandable pattern of existence. Yantra is living for a reason and a reason for living, an answer for the unanswerable.
Symbolism, psychology and mathematics are utilized in the study of Yantra yoga, giving a key to inner life and development of intuitive faculties. Yantra yoga (also known as Mudra yoga) is an ancient philosophy practised by Hindu (Samkhya), Greek (Pythagorean) and Jewish (Kabbala)
Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami Gitananda Giri had the ability to inspire, and bring forth latent talent, in all those whose life he ignited. For me his Yantric/Mudra teachings represented both a personal evolution and an initiation into a universe governed by mathematical precision, manifesting through a symbology of Shakti enshrined in nine numerical notations and the zero sign.
This form of Yantra is a sophisticated meditation upon number that is not to be confused or compared with popular Numerology. Indeed Swamiji adamantly warns us of the folly inherent in using Yantra as “fortune telling” and it behooves us to heed the Guru’s warning!
Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami Gitananda Giri applies Yantra in three divisions:
- Dharma Marga (Birth Path)
The exploration of one’s personal Dharma (responsibility), Artha (property), Kama (emotional satisfaction) and Moksha (liberation), as calculated from the time of birth and plotted mathematically in four Ashramas, or segments, from birth to 81 years of age. (The four aims “Chatur Purushartha”.)
- Karma Yuga (Cycle of Action & Reaction)
The calculation of one’s personal Karma (action and reaction), in ever recurring cycles of nine years, nine months and nine days, from the moment of conception to transition. The mathematical formula for Karma Yuga is very precise and the sophistication of the method reduces Western numerology to puerility.
- Nama Darshana (Name Analysis)
The potency of Nama Darshana revolves around the often unrecognised fact that one’s personal name is the most powerful Mantra that contributes to shaping one’s life. This influence co-exists with and yet is independent of genetic and environmental factors. This study of names belongs to a sub-heading of Yantra called MUDRA. Mudra, within the context of Yantra, carries additional meanings to the Yogic and Bharata Natyam usage. Reference to a Sanskrit dictionary elicits the following meanings: a stamp, a seal, an impression, a mark; calling a thing by its proper name. The Pali derivation is “Muddha” meaning “art of calculation”.
The techniques and exact numerical formulae to derive the correct understanding of Dharma Marga, Karma Yuga and Nama Darshana may only be obtained by participation in the Guru-to-Chela process (personal transmission from Guru to student).
Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami Gitananda Giri’s transmission of YANTRA YOGA in the latter half of the twentieth century is a true “Navaratna”; an exposition of the spiritual life as interpreted through the “nine jewels” known to us as the Hindu-Arabic numerals!
Numbers & Planets
Each number represents a planet and takes on the characteristics of that planet.
1 Sun (Surya)
2 Moon (Chandra)
3 Jupiter (Guru)
4 Rahu (North Node)
5 Mercury (Buddhi)
6 Venus (Shukra)
7 Ketu (South Node)
8 Saturn (Shani)
9 Mars (Mangala)
For more information Read Article By Swamiji:” Divination” in article archive.